As the warmer months approach, please be thinking about diseases which may be vector-borne, (transmitted by blood-sucking pests, such as ticks) and prevention.
There are two types of ticks commonly found in Maine, the black legged or Deer tick and the dog tick, although others have been reported, such as the Gulf Coast and Lone Star ticks. The best way to tell the dog and deer tick apart is their scutum or the shield on their back: the deer tick’s is red to orange, while the dog tick’s is light gray or silver. Diseases which are commonly transmitted include Lyme disease, babesiosis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis.
Tick season runs from April to September as ticks thrive in the warmer months. They are found in wooded areas, brush, tall grass or in piles of leaf litter such as leaves, pine needles and twigs.
Symptoms of tick-borne illness tend to be similar and may include:
Flu-like symptoms in the summer months, should be reported immediately to your healthcare provider. If diagnosed early, treatment is relatively simple and generally consists of antibiotics as prescribed by your physician.
Things you can do to protect yourself and your family include:
If you find a tick, remove it promptly with fine-tipped tweezers. Pinch the tick firmly, as close to the skin as possible, and pull straight up with steady pressure. Do not twist or jerk as this may cause part of the tick to break off. If it does, remove as much as possible with clean tweezers. Clean the area, your hands and the tweezers carefully with soap and warm water.
http://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/infectious-disease/epi/vector-borne/index.shtml or the Centers for Disease Control at http://www.cdc.gov/ticks/index.html
Be safe this Spring!
Michele Sadler-Gove, RN-BSN